Top 10 most common types of cyber threats and attacks everyone should be aware of

Top 10 most common types of cyber threats and attacks everyone should be aware of

20 October 2020

It’s a well known fact that the world we live in is dominated by technology.Thus, it is changing the lives of the Internet users, making them vulnerable to cyber threats and attacks.

This means that third parties can track users' online activities and collect data without their knowledge and consent. This also applies to businesses, no matter the size.

It's very challenging to keep up with the evolving cyber-threats, which constantly operate in our digital world. This is the main reason why numerous companies have been struggling to manage their work.

Cyber security experts estimated that in 2020 around $14 billion will be lost on ransomware. It's important for all Internet users and business owners to understand that every device has inherent vulnerabilities and all of them can become a target to hackers.

In order to be more aware of the hostile cyber environment, we have prepared a list of the top 10 most common cyber threats and attacks:

  • Backdoor

One of the most common cyber threat is the backdoor, a set of hacking approaches that doesn't require user's authentication to connect with a system. This means that hackers can gain access to any database using only a remote system without user's knowledge.

  • Cryptojacking

The practice of cryptojacking is the secret and unauthorized hijacking a home or working device for the purposes of cryptocurrency mining. The mining activity depends upon an extensive volume of computer processing power. This means that hackers can earn money by secretly hauling someone else’s systems. Cryptojacked systems can damage any business computer and block the work while IT experts detect and clear up the issue.

  • DDoS attack

A DDoS (distributed denial-of-service) attack is one of the most powerful weapons on the Internet. This kind of an attack makes a website unavailable to its users by generating too much traffic from different sources.

When you hear about a website being brought down by hackers, it's usually a DDos attack. It prevents users to access websites, slows down their work, increases bounce rate and can cause financial or performance problems.

  • DNS attack

A DNS attack is an exploit in which attackers take advantage of the vulnerabilities in the domain name system (DNS). This kind of attack tricks users into believing they are visiting the right address, but in reality they aren't. With these attacks, hackers can steal Internet traffic, user credentials, or personal data.

It’s important to know that despite the web technologies, these kinds of attacks can’t be entirely prevented which is a good thing for cyber criminals, but a very bad thing for users.

  • Formjacking

Formjacking stands for stealing financial information. Attackers inject malicious JavaScript codes in e-commerce or banking websites in order to gather customers' personal information. It's not easy to detect a formjacking attack because it doesn't leave any clues.

  • Malware

Malicious software, or malware for short, causes damage to computers, corrupts devices, and steals user data without their knowledge. This is a broad term that includes any software intentionally designed to cause damage on computers such as viruses, worms, rootkits, spyware, adware, keyloggers, and much more.

Lately, malware attacks have become more advanced, causing many problems for users, businesses, and enterprises. It's getting harder for users to protect themselves and their digital assets.

  • Botnet malware

With botnet malware, hackers can hijack or control any devices remotely. Later, attackers can send spam and even launch DDoS attacks through the bot network. With this type of malware, hackers usually search for sensitive devices across the Internet.

  • MITM attack

During a MITM attack, which is short for a man-in- the middle, attackers can secretly take part in a conversation between two parties. Attackers have access to the information the two parties are sending without their knowledge.

  • SQL injection

Another cyber threat to be careful about is the SQL injection. This is a common attack for unlocking the backend database in order take information that wasn't meant to be visible. Hackers can retrieve or destruct important data by sending unexpected SQL commands.

  • Phishing

A phishing attack is a type of cyber-attack that targets numerous groups of users. Thanks to this scheme, attackers can steal user's data, login details or even credit card numbers by disguising as a trustworthy entity in electronic communications.

Without a cyber security software, hackers can easily gain access to users' personal information and other sensitive data to get easily misused or stolen.

You have to accept the fact that in 2020 having an antivirus software that will protect your online input is a must!

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