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9 types of cybercrime to look out for when searching the web

9 types of cybercrime to look out for when searching the web

06 October 2020

We currently live in a digital era where every piece of our lives can be found online - from medical records, to banking records, to online transactions and social media accounts. Even though everything can be done with one click, the Internet has its demerits as well.

As our lives are becoming more digital, cyber crimes are on the rise as well. Whenever we are online, we are opening ourselves up to all types of cyber crime.

Cyber crimes are criminal activities carried out by hackers in order to gain access to a system, network or device and damage or steal sensitive information. These crimes are among the most dangerous crimes in the world, yet in order to commit them hackers only need a computer.

The cyber world is constantly developing which means that it opens new doors for people who want to commit cyber crimes. Criminals always find new methods to attack, so we compiled a list of the 9 most common cyber crimes to look out.

Hacking

Hacking attack is the most common cyber crime in which attackers gain unauthorized access to the victim's personal information and other sensitive data or files. Hackers can get access to a victim's computer with several software, without the victim's knowledge.

Theft

Theft is when people abuse copyrights or download games, movies, music, software, etc without owner's consent. Sometimes people even distribute the downloaded content and upload it to free online channels which results in revenue loss for the rightful owners or copyright holders.

Identity theft

Identity theft is stealing someone's identity i.e name, age, social security number, pictures and other information that will help the offender to pose as someone else. He can also gain access to the victim's bank accounts and debit or credit card details and steal money.

Cyber stalking

In this crime, offenders harass their victims online instead of choosing offline stalking. Online harassment can be done via online messages, emails, social media accounts, etc. However, if these criminals see that cyber stalking isn't working, they begin to harass their victims offline and make their lives miserable.

Malware

Malware is any software or program that was developed with a purpose to do harm on a computer or network. This software is used to gain unauthorized access to a device and steal sensitive information or cause damage to the system.

Spam

Spam is also a crime when companies or individuals send unwanted emails to advertise a product or a service and make the victim buy. Usually the victim's privacy is abused when companies send emails without the victim's permission. However, victims can unsubscribe from these unwanted emails at any time.

Child soliciting and abuse

This type of crime can take many forms, such as emotional, physical or even sexual. It can include online harassment, stalking, child trafficking, child pornography, etc. This type of offenders usually solicit children through online chat rooms. In order to reduce child soliciting and abuse, the FBI observes a lot of chat rooms that minors can easily access.

Cyber bullying

Cyber bullying is a type of online harassment in which offenders send messages of intimidating or threatening nature to the victims. This is usually done to teenagers and can sometimes result in suicide.

Cyber terrorism

One form of cyber terrorism is when terrorists go online in order to plan their next terrorist attack and cooperate with each other. The other type is when cyber criminals hack a government agency's website.

Why you need protection from cyber crime

Cyber criminals will do anything to make money, even if it means stealing your personal data or other useful information that may cause harm. Protecting your devices will prevent you from getting your personal data or files to get misused or stolen.

How to protect yourself from cyber crimes
  • Regularly back up your data

Always make sure you have another copy of your important data. This will help you access your data at any time, even if your device has been hacked.

  • Use authentic and strong passwords

Using a strong password will slow down or prevent a cyber attack. In order to create an authentic and strong password, we recommend it to be at least 8 characters long and contains lowercase and uppercase letters, numbers, and symbols. Also, one password shouldn’t be used in more than one place.

  • Have a firewall

A firewall is a barrier between your network and the Internet. Having a firewall will prevent hackers to access your personal data, files or browsing history.

  • Install a cyber security protection program

A powerful cyber security protection program will protect your personal information and devices from any unauthorized access, attack and destruction.

If you use these tips, hackers won’t be able to gain access to your device or data.

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